It is the perfect symbiosis between fish, bacteria and plants.
In a closed and dynamic system, the fish waste is converted, through bacteria, into natural fertilizer that will nourish the plants. These, in turn, when consuming the nutrients, leave the water cleaner and ideal for the fish to grow quickly and healthily.
It’s a new revolution in food production. Aquaponics is a model of sustainable food production, based on the basic principle of organic farming, which combines hydroponics (the cultivation of plants in sand, gravel or water) and aquaculture (fish farming). The idea is to combine these two techniques in a single system, in order to reinforce the positive effects of each technique and to eliminate the negative effects.
In Official Journal of the European Union, 11.07.2014
Aquaponics is, probably,
the most efficient system
to simultaneously produce
plants and animal protein.
1 + 1 = ∞
Through intelligent design,
the system uses the strengths
of aquaculture and hydroponics
and solves the waste problem
of both methods using an
integrated biological system.
The nutrient-rich water that results from
fish farming is a source of natural organic
fertilizer, thanks to the nitrogen cycle.
This is a microbial process that converts
fish waste into biologically available
forms of nitrate that promote healthy
and robust plant growth.
RECYCLING AND WATER SAVING
As the plants grow, the absorption of
these nutrients acts as a natural filter,
cleaning the water that is recirculated and returned
to the fish tanks. It is estimated that water
consumption is about 95% lower than conventional
agriculture, with a significantly higher productivity.
In this way, we develop an ecosystem that allows plants and fish to thrive. This system has the potential to produce an abundance of fresh, local, natural and healthy food. Converts waste into natural fertilizers, is free of synthetic additives, pesticides, herbicides, hormones and antibiotics and uses a minimum of resources and energy.
Planning a sustainable aquaponics system is accomplished through controlled inputs and outputs and using biological principles and sustainable management, in order to combine all functions and elements in an integrated system. Intelligent and efficient planning of the layout and components of the aquaponics system ensures that the results are predictable and productive, saving you time, money and energy.
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High productivity per square meter.
High control of production and reduced seasonal influence.
Rapid growth of plants due to energy savings in root growth (no soil crop).
Reduced soil occupation and low requirements in terms of soil location and type.
Low exposure to external contaminants, pests and diseases (due to controlled environment).
Very low water consumption, with water savings of more than 90% compared to conventional agriculture.
High ergonomics and productivity of the workforce.
Inexistence of residues, unlike aquaculture and hydroponics when isolated, because, in aquaponics, water is continuously recycled in a closed system.
Quality, presentation and taste of the products. The production is totally natural and may already be certified as organic in the USA. Vegetables produced in aquaponics are commonly referred to as premium products, ensuring a very rich palate and an abundance of healthy nutrients.
The inputs added to the system are common to organic farming, so synthetic fertilizers and pesticides are not used. Fish naturally fertilize water. This is the main reason that makes production entirely based on organic principles.
In addition to the high productivity of vegetables, high quality animal protein is produced. If fish species are fit for consumption and carefully selected, high-quality fish can be produced in a natural and environmentally sustainable way, which represents an extra profitability.
It reduces the impacts of freight transport, including the emission of gases into the atmosphere. When produced locally, food does not travel long distances, avoiding the disadvantages resulting from long and medium-haul transport, namely CO2 emissions, transport costs, food depreciation and loss of freshness.
Less impact on Oceans
Reduces the impacts of fishing on fish stocks in the ocean. At a time when it is necessary to define fishing quotas and contain this activity in order to allow the recovery of wild fish stocks, aquaponics can make a contribution by producing quality fish without impacting fish stocks at sea. Through careful selection of the production of omnivorous/herbivorous fish species, it is possible to provide a plant-based diet with more vegetable protein and less animal protein and still produce with high productivity and profitability, relieving the pressure on marine wild populations (for feed production).
Aquaponics tends to gain consumer confidence, as this technique alone is a guarantee of purity and quality, as the use of pesticides in plants will seriously jeopardize fish survival and, on the other hand, the use of medication in fish will seriously jeopardize the survival of plants. It is, therefore, a system that is self-regulating, offering guarantees to those who consume.